Some say there’s probably one rat for every person living in Australia – yes, they’re prolific, and rodents they’ve followed humans worldwide no matter whether their hosts are rich or poor, important or run-of-the-mill. Rats came to Australia with the First Fleet back in the 1700s and they’ve been with us ever since. If rats or mice invade your house or building, you will need a professional rodent exterminator for treatment, removal and control of the problem.
These rodents will eat any kind of food, clothes, or paper they come across on their nightly raids. Rats and mice are extremely destructive, prone to gnawing on vital electric wiring and causing fires, eating through fuel lines in vehicles, munching on clothes, plastic, and boring through walls. In agricultural areas, there are often mouse plagues that destroy stored grain, with the mice also eating everything in sight.
Rodents, both rats and mice, are also notorious as carriers of diseases – they contaminate both the food in your home and your home itself with their droppings and urine – they pee themselves, and leave urine tracks as they scurry across your benchtops and in cupboards.
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Are Rodents Only Rats and Mice?
No, not all rodents are rats and mice but these two culprits are the only real pest rodents we have in Australia – there are pet guinea pigs here, but as yet they haven’t become a pest. There are many mammals that belong to the order Rodentia, with around 40 per cent of all mammals classified as rodents. Rodents are distinguishable by their pairs of front teeth on the top and bottom jaws – and these teeth never stop growing – which is why rodents have to continually gnaw to keep their teeth sharp and short. Some of the mammals in the family Rodentia found in other countries include:
- Rats and mice, capybaras, porcupines
- Hamsters, guinea pigs, squirrels
- Voles, lemmings, chinchillas
- Pocket gophers,marmots
- Prairie dogs, beavers
Commercial & Residential Rodent Control
It’s just as important to control rodent infestations in workplaces as it is in the home, especially if the commercial enterprise is one where food is stored or prepared. If a Geelong restaurant or commercial enterprise that handles food becomes infested with rats or mice, they will face Health Department prosecution and their reputation will suffer severely, so control and treatment of rodent infestations is crucial. Rats and mice don’t just go where the breeze takes them, these rodents go where there is food and shelter and there are certain situations and layouts in and on properties that make the rodent’s life much easier.
Mice and rats will move in if your home or workplace is appealing to them so it’s best to make sure your home or commercial enterprise is not open to a rodent infestation. Rats and mice are naturals when it comes to Olympic-level leaps, climbs, and bounds; they’re top acrobats and contortionists and can flatten their bodies and squeeze through the tightest spaces possible. At Acacia Pest Control our skilled exterminators can smell a rat a mile away, so if you have a rodent infestation, don’t wait until the problem gets so bad that your home, building or businesses are damaged. Call us, and we’ll send an exterminator to identify the rodent pest, apply treatment, removal and control techniques. We can also advise you on control measures you can take to help keep the rat and mouse problem at bay between exterminator pest checks.
Common rodents in Geelong homes and commercial properties
- Norway rat – Rattus norvegicus: also known as sewer rat, brown rat, and wharf rat. This stocky blunt-nosed rat is slightly larger than the roof rat. It makes burrows, has small close-set ears, a tail shorter than the head and body combined.
- Roof rat – Rattus rattus: also known as ship rat and black rat – it has a slender body and a tail as long as the body and head combined.
- House mouse – Mus musculus or Mus domesticus: This rodent is small and slender, with a slightly pointed nose, protruding black eyes and big, lightly haired ears. The tail is almost hairless; some mice have white feet, and jumping mice have white bellies.
In Australia, the native Antechinus can be mistaken for a rat. However, it isn’t a rodent, but a small carnivorous marsupial, and it’s not a pest.
Why Are Rats So Harmful?
In Australia, rats and mice carry a variety of infectious diseases that can be transmitted to people and livestock including:
- Bacterial infections
- Fungal infections
- Viral infections
- Rickettsial infections
- Parasitic infections
- Protozoan infections
- Rat-bite fever
- Murine Typhus
Rodents can pass on encephalomyocarditis virus to pigs; salmonella to other mice, domestic animals and humans; leptospirosis to humans and domestic pigs and fungal skin diseases (ringworms) to cats and people. Rodents can transmit diseases in a variety of ways, including:
- Contaminated food or utensils with rodent faeces or urine.
- Contamination via touching urine or faeces when skin is broken.
- Indirect contamination through fleas, ticks, mosquitoes.
- Indirect contamination through pets to people.
- Contamination via a rodent bite.
- Indirect contamination – if a rodent is eaten by an intermediate carrier.
It’s said there are no rats in the Antarctic. However, despite great efforts to prevent the introduction of rodents that harm fragile ecosystems and seabird breeding, rats have hitched rides on research vessels and are evident at departure points, though as yet, not all over the Antarctic.
How to Control Rats
To make your Geelong home or commercial premises rat and mice proof, you need to block them from getting inside, so installing deterrents is advisable. At Acacia Pest Control we can treat and apply removal methods for any rat or mouse infestation and advise you on ways to help prevent the rodents from coming into the building. Try using screens with gaps no bigger than about six millimetres to deter rodents, and weather strips on exterior doors will create a barrier as well.
Check around pipes or wires that enter your Geelong home or building, and any gaps at the bottom of garage doors, and roof vents. You can also trim tree limbs that these acrobatic rats and mice can climb up, and keep branches as far away from house roofs as possible. Seal cracks and gaps outside your Geelong home or building, and clear up any clutter and food waste inside. A cluttered house gives an invading rat or mouse a hiding and breeding place, which makes it harder to eradicate the rodent pest.
Where are Rodents Found mostly?
Rodents are everywhere – in Geelong homes, restaurants, supermarkets, on farms in livestock pens, and fields. Places more vulnerable to rat and mice attack are grain mills, silos, elevators, and warehouses. These rodents will eat anything that livestock or humans eat, and they’re active mostly at night so you probably won’t see one during the day unless they’re in plague proportions or the population is high. Rodents will squeeze through tiny crevices in Geelong homes and buildings, and even though you might not see them you will hear them at night.
Unfortunately, cats and dogs don’t deter rodent infestations all that much. If you see rodent droppings on your kitchen benchtop, you know you have a rat or mouse problem. However, use gloves to remove any droppings, and if there is an abundance, wet the rodent faeces down if they’re dry so dust doesn’t fly off them and contaminate the air and the kitchen. Wash your hands thoroughly after you clean up after rats or mice.
Do You Need a Mice Control Expert?
As mentioned above, you’ll know you have mice if you detect any mouse droppings, smell any musky urine odours or see urine stains in your Geelong home or commercial premises. Mice and rats have certain toilet areas, but they are incontinent and will pee on the run. Mouse urine is blue/white when fresh and glows under ultraviolet light. You will also see objects the rats or mice have gnawed – they have to gnaw to keep their continuously growing teeth sharp and short. If you see tiny teeth marks on food, wire, beam edges, or building materials, you have an infestation of mice or rats. Rafters could also show swing marks of roof rats.
Of course, if you see live or dead rats or mice or hear rat fights, squeaks, gnawing or scratching in walls or in the roof at night it’s a good indication you need the services of a professional rodent pest exterminator for treatment and removal of the problem. At Acacia Pest Control Geelong, our professional exterminators are highly knowledgeable about all rat pest habits, breeding, and behaviour, and can provide effective treatment, removal and control.
What To Expect From Our Mice Pest Control Services
Depending on the severity of the rat or mouse infestation, an exterminator will not only apply trusted treatment and removal methods, but also advise you on some control techniques you can use in between exterminator pest inspections. These include to the removal of any droppings, cleaning grease from benchtops and stoves and sanitising the areas where the mice or rats were nesting to remove any odours that will attract more rodent pests. If your Geelong home or building has been invaded by rats or mice, the best advice is to call in the pest experts at Acacia Pest Control Geelong and a skilled exterminator will eradicate the rat or mouse problem.
The safe removal of a rat or mouse pest infestation in your Geelong home or business has changed over the years; now we’re more aware of how some chemicals can be harmful to humans and the environment. So, at Acacia Pest Control Services in Geelong, we use some natural methods of rat and mice treatment and removal. Before choosing a method for the treatment of a rat or mouse infestation, an Acacia Pest Control Geelong exterminator will identify the rodent species and treat it accordingly.
If you have a problem with an infestation of any kind of rat or mouse pest in or around your Geelong home or yard, company offices, or other business premises, and need an exterminator to treat and apply rodent removal and control solutions efficiently and effectively, call Acacia Pest Control on 1300257774 today, or send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org.